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SIR GEORGE MURRAY - DISTINGUISHED ARMY OFFICER - PENINSULAR WAR - SIGNED DISPLAY For Sale


SIR GEORGE MURRAY - DISTINGUISHED ARMY OFFICER - PENINSULAR WAR - SIGNED DISPLAY


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SIR GEORGE MURRAY - DISTINGUISHED ARMY OFFICER - PENINSULAR WAR - SIGNED DISPLAY:
$92.55

7 X 5 inch APPROX PHOTOGRAPH PROFESSIONALLY DOUBLE MOUNTED ABOVE AN ENVELOPE FRONT ADDRESSED AND SIGNED BY style="margin: 0.5em 0px; caret-color: rgb(32, 33, 34); color: rgb(32, 33, 34); font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px;">Sir George MurrayGCBGCHFRS(6 February 1772 – 28 July 1846) was aBritishsoldier and politician fromScotland.



Background and education[edit]

Murray was born inPerth, Scotland, the second son of Sir William Murray, of Ochtertyre, 5th Baronet (seeMurray Baronets), and was educated at theRoyal High School, Edinburgh and theUniversity of Edinburgh.[1]His mother was Lady Augusta Mackenzie, youngest daughter of the JacobiteGeorge, 3rd Earl of Cromartie. His elder brother wasSir Patrick Murray, 6th Baronet.

Military career[edit]

In 1789, Murray obtained acommissioninto the71st Foot,[1]reaching the rank ofcaptainin 1794, and saw service inFlanders(1794–95),[1]theWest Indies, England and Ireland. In 1799 he was made alieutenant-colonel, entering the Quartermaster General's Department and making his considerable reputation asQuartermaster General(1808–11) during thePeninsular War, under theDuke of Wellington, and receiving promotion toColonelin 1809.[1]After a brief period as Quartermaster General in Ireland, Murray returned to the Peninsular Campaign asMajor-General(1813–14), and was invested with theOrder of the Bathin 1813.[1]During the Peninsular War he was present at the battles ofA Coruña,Talavera,Busaco,Fuentes de HisPeninsular Gold Medalhad six clasps - only the Duke of Wellington, with nine clasps, SirDennis PackandLord Beresford, with seven each, had more clasps to their medal.[2]

He was briefly in Canada from December 1814 to May 1815 where he was appointed provisionalLieutenant-Governor of Upper Canadaand reviewed the country's defences.[1]He quickly returned to Europe followingNapoleon's escape fromElba, but arrived too late to take part in theBattle of Waterloo.

After the cessation of hostilities, Murray was based in France as Chief of Staff to the Army of Occupation and, thereafter, he was appointedGovernorof theRoyal Military College, Sandhurstin 1819.[1]He was awarded an honorary degree by theUniversity of Oxfordin 1820 and was elected aFellow of the Royal Societyin 1824. In 1825 he married Lady Louisa Erskine, widow of Sir JamesErskine of Torrie(1772–1825). Subsequently, he was madeLieutenant-General of the Ordnanceand thenCommander-in-Chief, Ireland, but in 1828 he resigned the position and becameColonial Secretary.[1]He was laterMaster-General of the Ordnancefrom 1834[3]to 1835 and again between 1841 and 1846.[1]

Political career[edit]

Murray was aToryand laterConservativein politics. He was Member of Parliament forPerthshirefrom 1824–1832 and from 1834 until he retired in 1835. He served asSecretary of State for War and the Coloniesfrom 1828 to 1830.[1]He also contestedWestminsterin 1837 andManchesterin both 1839 and 1841, without success.

Other public appointments[edit]

Murray was also President of theRoyal Geographical Society(1833–35) and Governor ofEdinburgh Castle. On 7 September 1829 he was appointed Governor ofFort George.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Murray was married to Lady Louisa Erskine (née Paget) (1777-1842), widow of Lieutenant General Sir James Erskine (1772-1825), and sister of his fellow general,Henry, Lord Anglesey; they had one daughter, Louise Georgina. Murray died in July 1846, aged 74, and was buried inKensal Green Cemetery, London. His substantial papers and maps were given to theNational Library of Scotlandby a great-niece in 1913.

Legacy[edit]

The Memorials to Governors in the Chapel of the present-dayRoyal Military Academy Sandhurstinclude:In Memory of General the Right Hon. Sir George Murray, G.C.B., G.C H., Colonel ist Royal Regiment of Foot. Died 28 July 1846, aged 74. He served in Holland, Egypt, Syria, the West Indies, Denmark, and Sweden; wsLS Q.M.G. in the Peninsula; Commander-in-Chief in Canada; Chief of the Staff of the Army of Occupation in France; Commander of the Forces in Ireland, and twice Master-General of the Ordnance. He was Governor of this College from 1819 to 1824.[5]

TheMurray RiverandMount Murrayin eastern Australia, theMurray RiverandMurray Countyin Western Australia, were named after him. Places inHong Kongnamed after him include:Murray House, one of the oldest surviving public buildings in Hong Kong,Murray Building,Murray Roadand the formerMurray Barracks. The city ofPerth, Western Australiawas named in his honour after his parliamentary SIGN OF THE TIMES

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