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NAPOLEONIC BRITISH ROYAL MARINES SWORD CAPT LOCKE BATTLE NEW ORLEANS WAR OF 1812 For Sale


NAPOLEONIC BRITISH ROYAL MARINES SWORD CAPT LOCKE BATTLE NEW ORLEANS WAR OF 1812


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NAPOLEONIC BRITISH ROYAL MARINES SWORD CAPT LOCKE BATTLE NEW ORLEANS WAR OF 1812:
$5495.00

PRESERVING HISTORY, NAPOLEONIC BRITISH ROYAL MARINES SWORD OWNED BY CAPT LOCKE FOUGHT DURING THE AMERICAN WAR OF 1812 AT THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS AND EVERY NOTABLE NAVAL BATTLE INCLUDING TRAFALGAR.

During theNapoleonic Warsthe Royal Marines participated in everynotable naval battleon board the Royal Navy's ships and also took part in multiple amphibious actions. Marines had a dual function aboard ships of the Royal Navy in this period; routinely, they ensured the security of the ship's officers and supported their maintenance of discipline in the ship's crew, and in battle, they engaged the enemy's crews, whether firing from positions on their own ship, or fighting in boarding actions.[19]

The number of marines on board Royal Naval ships depended on the size of the ship and was generally kept at a ratio of one marine per ship gun, plus officers. For example: aFirst Rate Ship of the Linecontained 104 marines while a 28 gun Frigate had 29. Between 1807 and 1814, the total marine establishment number was 31,400 men. Manpower (recruitment and retention) problems saw regular infantry units from the British Army being used as shipboard replacements on numerous occasions. One result of the Royal Navy's dominance of the seas in Europe, and the blockading of the French Navy's ports, was that manpower constraints became less of an issue at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. From 1812, such maritime supremacy meant the Mediterranean and Channel Fleets were assigned additional marines for use 'in destroying signal communications and other petty harassing modes of warfare'.[20]

In the Caribbean theatre volunteers from freed French slaves onMarie-Galantewere used to form the1st Corps of Colonial Marines. These men bolstered the ranks, helping the British to hold the island until reinforcements arrived. This practice was repeated during theWar of 1812, where escaped American slaves were formed into the2nd Corps of Colonial Marines. These men were commanded by Royal Marines officers and fought alongside their regular Royal Marines counterparts at theBattle of Bladensburgin August 1814.[21]During the battle a detachment of Royal Marine Artillery commanded by Lieutenant John Lawrence deployedCongreve rocketsresulting in the rout of the US militiamen.[22]The Royal Marines battalion and the21st Regiment of Footalso took part in theBurning of Washingtonlater that day.[23]

Also present on shore during the Chesapeake campaign was a composite battalion of Marines, formed from ships' Marine detachments, frequently led by CaptainJohn Robyns. A smaller composite battalion of about 100 men (23 officers,[24]two of whom (John Wilson 1787–1850 and John Alexander Phillips 1790–1865) were Trafalgar veterans, and 80 other ranks) also took part in theBattle of New Orleans, under the command of Brevet Major Thomas Adair, in January 1815. The only British success at New Orleans was an attack on the west bank of the Mississippi River by a 700-man force, consisting of the 100 Royal Marines, 100 sailors under Captain Rowland Money, and 3 companies of the85th Foot.[25]

Throughout the war Royal Marines units raided up and down the east coast of America including up thePenobscot Riverand in theChesapeake Bay. They later helped captureFort Bowyerin Mobile Bay in what was the last action of the war.[26]



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A Traveling Exhibition from Russell Etling Company (c) 2011