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FRANCE. Château de St-Cloud. Exhibition fete, antique print, 1851 For Sale
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FRANCE. Château de St-Cloud. Exhibition fete, antique print, 1851:
\'The great exhibition fete at St.Cloud-[a word that is prohibited by but means Cafe] tent\'. Château de Saint-Cloud
Antique wood engraved print, 1851
Caption below picture: \'The great exhibition fete at St.Cloud-[a word that is prohibited by but means Cafe] tent \'
The Château de Saint-Cloud was a royal château in France, built on a magnificent site overlooking the Seine at Saint-Cloud in Hauts-de-Seine, about 10 kilometres west of Paris. Today it is a large park on the outskirts of the capital and is owned by the state, but the area as a whole has had a large part to play in the history of France. The castle\'s grounds are part of today\'s Parc de Saint-Cloud.Site History Hôtel d\'Aulnay
The Hôtel d\'Aulnay on the site was expanded into a château in the 16th century by the Gondi banking family. The château was further expanded by Phillipe de France, duc d\'Orléans in the 17th century, and finally enlarged by Marie-Antoinette in the 1780s. After occupation by Napoleon I and Napoleon III, the château was destroyed in 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War.16th century: the GondiThe Gondi stemmed from a family of Florentine bankers established at Lyon in the first years of the sixteenth century, who had arrived at the court of France in 1543 in the train of Catherine de\' Medici. During the 1570s, the Queen offered Jérôme de Gondi a dwelling at Saint-Cloud, the Hôtel d\'Aulnay, which became the nucleus of the château with a right-angled wing that looked out on a terrace.
The main front faced south, with a wing that terminated in a pavilion affording a handsome view over the Seine river. Henri III installed himself in this house in order to conduct the siege of Paris during the Wars of Religion, and here he was assassinated by the monk Jacques Clément.
The Grotto at Saint-Cloud, by Israël Silvestre.
After the death of Jérôme de Gondi in 1604, the château was sold in 1618 by his son Jean-Baptiste II de Gondi to Jean de Bueil, comte de Sancerre, who died shortly afterwards. The château was bought back by Jean-François de Gondi, archbishop of Paris. His embellishment notably included gardens by Thomas Francine.
After the death of Jean-François de Gondi in 1654, the château was inherited in turn by Philippe-Emmanuel de Gondi and then by his nephew Henri de Gondi, known as the duc de Retz. The duc de Retz sold the property in 1655 to Barthélemy Hervart, a banker of German extraction who was intendant then surintendant des finances. He enlarged the park to twelve hectares and did considerable rebuilding. He built a grande cascade (not the present one) in the park.
Garden details that seem to be of this phase of Saint-Cloud were drawn by Israël Silvestre. It was built à l\'italienne, with an invisibly flat roof and frescoed façades. Its gardens descended in a series of terraces to the Seine, provided with fountains at each level.
The Hôtel de Gondi, Paris, became in the seventeenth century the Hôtel de Condé.(Source Wikipedia)
DATE PRINTED: 1851
IMAGE SIZE: Approx 15.0 x 23.0cm, 5.75 x 9 inches (Medium)
PROVENANCE: Illustrated London News
TYPE: Antique wood engraved print
VERSO: There are images and/or text printed on the reverse side of the picture. In some cases this may be visible on the picture itself (please check the scan prior to your purchase) or around the margin of the picture.
CONDITION: Fair: Verso text apparent. The image shown may have been scanned from a different example of this print than that which is offered for sale: Any flaws described in this statement may not be visible on the scan but will be present on the print you receive. Please note any other blemishes on the scan prior to purchasing this picture. Virtually all antiquarian maps and prints are subject to some normal aging due to useand time which is not obtrusive unless otherwise stated. I offer a no questions asked return policy - see below.
AUTHENTICITY: This is an authentic historic print, published at the date stated above. I do not offer reproductions. It is not a modern copy. The term \'original\' when applied to a print means that it was printed at the first or original date of publication; it does not imply that the item is unique. \'Print\' means any image created by applying an inked block to paper or card under pressure by any method including wood engraving, steel engraving, copperplate, wood cut and lithography.
REMARKS: FRANCE: Gravures et Cartes anciennes. DEUTSCHLAND: Alte Lankarten und Stadt ansichten. ITALIA: Stampe & Mappe antiche. ESPAÑA: Mapas antiquos y impresiones antiguas. E and OE. Force Majeure. English law shall apply.
RETURNS POLICY: I offer a no questions returns policy. All I ask is that you pay return shipping and mail back to me in original condition, suitably packed & insured, within 14 days of receipt.
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