Napoleon - An Intimate Portrait Napoleon - An Intimate Portrait



On eBay Now...

1877 William B Astor Jr signs RARE Florida Railroad Stock then to Henry Flagler For Sale


1877 William B Astor Jr signs RARE Florida Railroad Stock then to Henry Flagler


Buy Now

1877 William B Astor Jr signs RARE Florida Railroad Stock then to Henry Flagler :
$1375.00

Fantastic Unique Document -- 100% Original and Genuine --Jump to navigationJump to searchWilliam Backhouse Astor Jr.BornJuly 12, 1829
New York City, New York, U.S.DiedApril 25, 1892(aged62)
Paris,FranceResting placeTrinity Church CemeteryEducationColumbia CollegeNetworthUS $72 million (equivalent to approximately $2.01 billion in 2018 dollars)Political partyRepublicanSpouse(s)Caroline Webster Schermerhorn
(m.1853; his death1892)ChildrenEmily, Helen, Charlotte,Caroline, andJohnParent(s)William Backhouse Astor Sr.
Margaret Rebecca ArmstrongRelativesSeeAstor family

William Backhouse Astor Jr.(July 12, 1829 – April 25, 1892)[1]was an American businessman, racehorse breeder/owner, and yachtsman who was a prominent member of theAstor family. Astor\'s elder brother, financier and philanthropistJohn Jacob Astor III, became head of the English line of Astors, and William Jr. was head of the male American line of Astors with his wife,Caroline Schermerhorn Astor, serving as the head of New York society\'s \"Four Hundred\" during theGilded Age.

Contents
  • 1Early life
  • 2Public life
    • 2.1Florida involvement
  • 3Personal life
  • 4References
  • 5Further reading
Early life[edit]

William Backhouse Astor Jr. was born on July 12, 1829, inNew York City, New York. He was the middle son of real estate businessmanWilliam Backhouse Astor Sr.(1792–1875) and Margaret Rebecca (néeArmstrong) Astor (1800–1872). His siblings included elder brotherJohn Jacob Astor III, who married Charlotte Augusta Gibbes;[a]Emily Astor, who marriedSamuel Cutler Ward;[b]Laura Eugenia Astor, who marriedFranklin Hughes Delano;[c]Mary Alida Astor, who married John Carey; Henry Astor, who married Malvina Dinehart;[2]and Sarah Astor, who died in infancy.

Astor\'s paternal grandparents were fur-traderJohn Jacob Astorand Sarah Cox (née Todd) Astor.[3]His uncle, William Sr.\'s elder brother, was occasional poet John Jacob Astor Jr., who never married or had children. His maternal grandparents wereU.S. SenatorJohn Armstrong Jr.and Alida (née Livingston) Armstrong of theLivingston family.[3]

A well-liked man, Astor graduated fromColumbia Collegein 1849.

Public life[edit]

He supported theabolition of slaverybefore theAmerican Civil War, and during the war, he personally bore the cost to equip an entireUnion Armyregiment.

Unlike his business oriented father, William Jr. did not aggressively pursue an expansion of his inherited fortune, preferring life aboard theAmbassadress, at the time the largest private yacht in the world, or horseback riding at Ferncliff, the large estate he had built on theHudson River. Astor\'s horse \"Vagrant\" won the 1876 running of theKentucky Derby.[4]

Florida involvement[edit]

William Jr. often spent winters inJacksonville, Floridaaboard his yacht and was responsible for the construction of a number of prominent buildings in the city. He and sixteen other businessmen founded theFlorida Yacht Clubin Jacksonville in 1877, though he was the only person in Florida to actually own ayacht. The club is now the oldest social club in Jacksonville and one of the oldest yacht clubs in the United States. Liking the area, in 1874, he purchased a land tract of around 80,000 acres (320km²) along theSt. Johns Rivernorth ofOrlando, Floridain an area now calledLake County, Florida. There he and two partners used 12,000 acres (49km²) to build an entire town that he named Manhattan but was later changed toAstorin his honor.[5][6]

His project, which would come to include several hotels, began with the construction of wharves on the river to accommodate steamboats. These steamboats attracted a steamship agency that could bring in the necessary materials and supplies. Astor enjoyed his development and purchased a railroad that connected the town to the \"Great Lakes Region\" of Florida. He donated the town\'s first church and the land for the local non-denominational cemetery, and he also helped build a schoolhouse, both of which are still standing today. In 1875, one of the many nearby lakes was named Lake Schermerhorn after his wife, Lina Schermerhorn.[5]

The town of Manhattan, Florida boomed, and Astor, with an eye on the large New York market, expanded his interests to a grapefruit grove, a fruit that at the time was only available on a very limited basis in other parts of the United States. He did not live long enough to see the orchard grow to production. Following his death on April 25, 1892, the property fell to his son Jack. By then though, rapid changes were taking place throughout Florida. New railroads had been built in 1885 through the central and western part of the state, and in the late 1890s,Henry Flaglerbuilt a railroad line running down Florida\'s east coast fromDaytona Beach. All this expansion left the town of Astor isolated and it was all but abandoned after train service to Astor was discontinued.[5]

Personal life[edit]The Astor home at 65th Street andFifth Avenue.

On September 23, 1853, he married the socially ambitiousCaroline Webster \"Lina\" Schermerhorn(1830–1908)[7]atTrinity Churchin Manhattan.[8]Her parents wereAbraham Schermerhorn, a wealthy New York City merchant, and Helen Van Courtlandt (née White) Schermerhorn.[9]Lina would go on to reign over New York and Newport society known simply as \"theMrs. Astor.\"[10]William Jr. had little interest in society parties, and reportedly, Lina would try to keep him at his club late to prevent him coming home and sending the orchestra out and his children to bed. Together, William Jr. and Lina had five children:

  • Emily Astor (1854–1881),[11]who married sportsman/politicianJames John Van Alen(1848–1923) and had three children.[12]
  • Helen Schermerhorn Astor (1855–1893),[13]who married diplomatJames Roosevelt \"Rosey\" Roosevelt(1854–1927),[14]half-brother of PresidentFranklin Delano Roosevelt, and had two children.[14]
  • Charlotte Augusta Astor (1858–1920),[15]who married James Coleman Drayton (1852–1934) and had four children.[16]They divorced and she later married George Ogilvy Haig (1859–1905).[17]
  • Caroline Schermerhorn \"Carrie\" Astor(1861–1948),[18]who marriedMarshall Orme Wilson(1860–1926),[19]brother of bankerRichard Thornton Wilson Jr.and socialiteGrace Graham Wilson, and had two sons.[20]
  • John Jacob \"Jack\" Astor IV(1864–1912), who married socialiteAva Lowle Willing(1868–1958)[21]and had two children, later married socialiteMadeleine Talmage Force(1893–1940),[22]the sister of real estate businesswoman/socialiteKatherine Emmons Force, and had one son. He died at the sinking ofRMSTitanicin 1912.[23]

William Backhouse Astor Jr. died of ananeurysmat the Hotel Liverpool inParis,France.[1]Astor, anEpiscopalian, was buried inTrinity Church CemeteryinNew York City, New York.[24]He is one of several responsible for opening up the tourist trade in Florida. His widow died years later in 1908.[7][25]



Buy Now

Amazing 1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO Rare Discovery Playing Cards William Bonney picture

Amazing 1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO Rare Discovery Playing Cards William Bonney

$5.88



1877 BILLY THE KID WILLIAM BONNEY 8.5X11 RARE WANTED PHOTO PICTURE PLAYING CARDS picture

1877 BILLY THE KID WILLIAM BONNEY 8.5X11 RARE WANTED PHOTO PICTURE PLAYING CARDS

$10.10



8x10 1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO Rare Discovery Playing Cards Saloon William Bonney picture

8x10 1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO Rare Discovery Playing Cards Saloon William Bonney

$11.88



WILLIAM COMSTOCK (1877-1949) autograph cut | Governor of Michigan - signed picture

WILLIAM COMSTOCK (1877-1949) autograph cut | Governor of Michigan - signed

$14.99



1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO William Bonney REGULATORS Gang Lincoln County War picture

1877 Billy the Kid PHOTO William Bonney REGULATORS Gang Lincoln County War

$4.28



1877 BILLY THE KID WILLIAM BONNEY 8.5X11 RARE WANTED PHOTO PICTURE PLAYING CARDS picture

1877 BILLY THE KID WILLIAM BONNEY 8.5X11 RARE WANTED PHOTO PICTURE PLAYING CARDS

$10.10



Photo: Alben William Barkley,1877-1956,35th Vice President,US picture

Photo: Alben William Barkley,1877-1956,35th Vice President,US

$14.99



Photo: Alben William Barkley, 1877-1956, 35th Vice President picture

Photo: Alben William Barkley, 1877-1956, 35th Vice President

$14.99



Images © photo12.com-Pierre-Jean Chalençon
A Traveling Exhibition from Russell Etling Company (c) 2011