Napoleon - An Intimate Portrait


Joséphine’s monogrammed tortoise shell box

Joséphine’s monogrammed tortoise shell box

- c. 1799-1800

The opposite of Napoléon in temperament, Joséphine loved to spend money on beautiful objects. He gave her a monthly allowance of 50,000 francs for personal expenses and 10,000 for charities, but her spending often exceeded that.

Historical Provenance - Marshal Ney’s collection

Tortoise shell ornamented with guilloche


Images © photo12.com-Pierre-Jean Chalençon
A Traveling Exhibition from Russell Etling Company (c) 2011